What is the difference between Network Manager and 'ifconfig' 'ifup', etc?

Ubuntu seems to provide at least two network “toolsets” (for lack of a better term). I’m running into conflicts between these two.

I am often running into conflicts between these different sets of tools. For example, I’m running Ubuntu Desktop at home and I’m using software like KVM/libvirt which recommends that I disable Network Manager, but disabling Network Manager causes other things to break.

What is the difference between Network Manager and the traditional network tools? Can these two suites run side-by-side or must I stick with one or the other? Is there a document which summarizes the difference between these different tools? I have been unable to find one.

(Forgive the vagueness of this question. I’ve searched and searched for an answer, but I have only found many vague answers which don’t seem relevant to Ubuntu 10.04/Lucid, and I may not fully understand the purpose of NetworkManager. However, this seems to be a frequently asked question. If you have advice for clarifying this question, please post a comment.)

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

NetworkManager and ifconfig are not (by default) compatible (NetworkManager won’t configure interfaces listed in /etc/network/interfaces). NetworkManager is a sort of settings daemon that makes sure that multiple users can edit network connections, this is very smart in a desktop environment (especially on laptops that might move around between different wireless networks). Basically NetworkManager is a frontend to iproute, dhclient, wpa_supplicant and ppp.

ifconfig is a general tool for configuring network interfaces, you can for example do like this:

ifconfig eth1 netmask hw ether 10:10:10:10:10:10
ifconfig eth1 down

to set your IP, netmask and MAC address of eth1, and then down (disable/turn off) your interface. ifconfig doesn’t read any config files and does only exactly what it is told.

ifup and ifdown are helper programs that use ifconfig to configure a network interface in accordance to /etc/network/interfaces this will make sure that if there are any up, down, pre-up, pre-down, post-up, post-down scripts that need to be run they will be.

Ok, then there is wpa_supplicant and dhclient. dhclient is a DHCP client – ifup will use this if a network interface is configured for DHCP, as will NetworkManager. wpa_supplicant is a tool for configuring encryption on wireless networks.

Most of these tools have man pages, for instance the interfaces-file have it’s own manpage that describe the format of that config file.

man interfaces
man ifconfig
man ifup

So that being said i would recommend that you remove (or disable) NetworkManager, I don’t think that any thing will break from removing NetworkManager except the gui tools for setting up network. If you want to configure wireless without NetworkManager you might want to look at this.

Solution 2

These toolsets are complementary, not mutually exclussive.

FWIW, ifconfig is just a tool among other *config tools which are used to configure network interfaces.

The ifup(8) and ifdown(8) tools are one layer above the *config tools. You can think of them as helper tools.

Likewise, NetworkManager is a level above the ifup(8) and ifdown(8) tools. For lack of a better term, NetworkManager is able to orchestrate the tools(ets) from the levels below in order to acomplish higher level tasks like Internet Connection Sharing with additional ease compared to just using the tools from the levels below.

Solution 3

On a typical Debian-based distribution you have two command-line utilities used to configure network interfaces: the deprecated ifconfig from net-tools and the newer ip from iproute2.

However these two utilities directly configure the kernel and do not persist your config, if you reboot your machine you will need to reconfigure your interfaces again.

You have three major packages available for that purpose:

In general, you should choose one and stick to it, even if ifupdown works well with NetworkManager it can still creates unexpected configuration issues.


Quite deprecated but reliable, you might encounter it on many older systems. The config is stored in /etc/network/interfaces and managed by the networking.service daemon which is a wrapper around the ifup and ifdown commands which are also wrappers themselves around ifconfig (or ip for ifupdown2).

Read the man at ifupdown.


Usually included with desktop distributions since many graphical front-ends are available, the config is stored in /etc/NetworkManager and managed by the NetworkManager.service daemon.

You can manage the config with the included nmcli or nmtui utilities.

Read the man at NetworkManager.


Usually used on server distributions and the official successor to ifupdown as it is included within systemd, the config is stored in /etc/systemd/network and managed by the systemd-networkd.service daemon.

Read the man at systemd-networkd.


Although not a daemon, dhclient from isc-dhcp-client is nonetheless a very important package and often required on desktop distributions as you often need to obtain a IPv4 from a DHCP server.

Hopefully, as IPv6 (which uses SLAAC) is slowly being adopted, this will probably change in a near or distant future.

Solution 4

Network Manager is a GUI program used when dealing with Ubuntu as a workstation OS installed on your desktop/laptop.

The ifconfig-type utilities are command-line based and are used when dealing with Ubuntu as a server OS, when you don’t have a graphical interface available to you (for example, when you boot up an Amazon EC2 instance based on Ubuntu). They are typically used over an ssh connection.

Solution 5

If you remove network manager I assume you need to configure /etc/network/interface to make interfaces work.

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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