Making a .sh script to check if SSH connection exists and if not then connect

I am struggling with writing what I assume should be an easy script.

Basically I have a computer at work, which is hidden behind a NAT to which I don’t have access. I need to SSH into this computer, so the only way to do this is to set a reverse port redirect, where this NATted computer will connect to my server at home, while redirecting a port for it self and then I can simply ssh into it through my home server.

The .sh script will be executed by the computer at work every 5 minutes and this is what I would like it to do:

Check if there is an active ssh connection to my server going on and if yes, then simply do nothing and exit the script.

If there is no active connection detected, then connect by executing “ssh [email protected] -i key.priv” and exit the script.

If the ssh connection attempt hangs for some reason, for say longer than 2 minutes, then force exit the script (not sure if this is possible to do, if not, then it doesn’t have to be there)

Thank you kindly for your advice.

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

Let’s assume you are using the following command to establish your SSH connection (I would prefer to use .ssh/config file that will simplify the ssh command, but this is not mandatory):

ssh [email protected] -fTN -R 2222:127.0.0.1:22 -i $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa
  • the options -fTN will push the connection into the background – I wrote this leading part, because this set of options is critical for my suggestion below;
  • the option -R 2222:127.0.0.1:22 will create the reverse tunnel;
  • the option -i $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa indicates the identity file.

We can use ps -aux | grep "<our command>" | sed '$ d' to check whether the connection is established or not. Based on this our script could be:

#!/bin/bash
SSH_COMMAND="ssh [email protected] -fTN -R 2222:127.0.0.1:22 -i $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa"

if [[ -z $(ps -aux | grep "$SSH_COMMAND" | sed '$ d') ]]
then exec $SSH_COMMAND
fi

Call this script my_autossh, place it in ~/bin and make it executable. Then run crontab -e and add the following job:

* * * * * $HOME/bin/my_autossh

If you do not want to use Cron, modify the scrip my_autossh in this way:

#!/bin/bash
SSH_COMMAND="ssh [email protected] -fTN -R 2222:127.0.0.1:22 -i $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa"

while true; do
    if [[ -z $(ps -aux | grep "$SSH_COMMAND" | sed '$ d') ]]
    then eval $SSH_COMMAND
    else sleep 60
    fi
done

And use nohup to push it into the background:

nohup my_autossh >/dev/null 2>&1 &

Read also:

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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