portaudio.h: No such file or directory

I got the following error while trying to install pyaudio using pip3 in ubuntu 16.04:

Collecting pyaudio
  Downloading PyAudio-0.2.11.tar.gz
Installing collected packages: pyaudio
  Running setup.py install for pyaudio ... error
    Complete output from command /usr/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-mxgvewdb/pyaudio/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-v55chjee-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile:
    running install
    running build
    running build_py
    creating build
    creating build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.5
    copying src/pyaudio.py -> build/lib.linux-x86_64-3.5
    running build_ext
    building '_portaudio' extension
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.5
    creating build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.5/src
    x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc -pthread -DNDEBUG -g -fwrapv -O2 -Wall -Wstrict-prototypes -g -fstack-protector-strong -Wformat -Werror=format-security -Wdate-time -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -fPIC -I/usr/include/python3.5m -c src/_portaudiomodule.c -o build/temp.linux-x86_64-3.5/src/_portaudiomodule.o
    src/_portaudiomodule.c:29:23: fatal error: portaudio.h: No such file or directory
    compilation terminated.
    error: command 'x86_64-linux-gnu-gcc' failed with exit status 1

Command "/usr/bin/python3 -u -c "import setuptools, tokenize;__file__='/tmp/pip-build-mxgvewdb/pyaudio/setup.py';f=getattr(tokenize, 'open', open)(__file__);code=f.read().replace('\r\n', '\n');f.close();exec(compile(code, __file__, 'exec'))" install --record /tmp/pip-v55chjee-record/install-record.txt --single-version-externally-managed --compile" failed with error code 1 in /tmp/pip-build-mxgvewdb/pyaudio/

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

This should help

$ sudo apt-get install portaudio19-dev python-pyaudio python3-pyaudio

Tested on Ubuntu 18.04, Python 3.7.2, pyaudio 0.2.11

Added 8th of Jan 2021:

On Ubuntu 20.04 you have to use:

$ sudo apt install portaudio19-dev python3-pyaudio

Solution 2

For Windows,
here’s what I’ve been going through…

There’re several ways to install PortAudio

the "min()" macro in pyaudio’s soucefile _portaudiomodule.c is troublesome, comment it out manually

  • pip install pyaudio --no-clean
  • find _portaudiomodule.c in the temp directory and manually comment-out the "min()" macro
    e.g. c:\Temp\pip-install-yysb8bme\pyaudio_c92585\src\_portaudiomodule.c
  • pip install from that directory
    e.g. pip install c:\Temp\pip-install-yysb8bme\pyaudio_c92585\

Or,3rd party wheels

pip install pipwin
pipwin install pyaudio

Solution 3

For Centos7/RHEL:

yum install portaudio-devel alsa-lib-devel portaudio
pip install pyaudio --user

Solution 4

For MacOS:

brew install portaudio
pip3 install pyaudio

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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