Format string dynamically

If I want to make my formatted string dynamically adjustable, I can change the following code from

print '%20s : %20s' % ("Python", "Very Good")

to

width = 20
print ('%' + str(width) + 's : %' + str(width) + 's') % ("Python", "Very Good")

However, it seems that string concatenation is cumbersome here. Any other way to simplify things?

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

You can do this using the str.format() method.

>>> width = 20
>>> print("{:>{width}} : {:>{width}}".format("Python", "Very Good", width=width))
              Python :            Very Good

Starting from Python 3.6 you can use f-string to do this:

In [579]: lang = 'Python'

In [580]: adj = 'Very Good'

In [581]: width = 20

In [582]: f'{lang:>{width}}: {adj:>{width}}'
Out[582]: '              Python:            Very Good'

Solution 2

You can fetch the padding value from the argument list:

print '%*s : %*s' % (20, "Python", 20, "Very Good")

You can even insert the padding values dynamically:

width = 20
args = ("Python", "Very Good")
padded_args = zip([width] * len(args), args)
# Flatten the padded argument list.
print "%*s : %*s" % tuple([item for list in padded_args for item in list])

Solution 3

For those who want to do the same thing with python 3.6+ and f-Strings this is the solution.

width = 20
py, vg = "Python", "Very Good"
print(f"{py:>{width}s} : {vg:>{width}s}")

Solution 4

print '%*s : %*s' % (width, 'Python', width, 'Very Good')

Solution 5

If you don’t want to specify the widths at the same time, you can prepare a format string ahead of time, like you were doing – but with another substitution. We use %% to escape actual % signs in a string. We want to end up with %20s in our format string when the width is 20, so we use %%%ds and supply the width variable to substitute in there. The first two % signs become a literal %, and then %d is substituted with the variable.

Thus:

format_template = '%%%ds : %%%ds'
# later:
width = 20
formatter = format_template % (width, width)
# even later:
print formatter % ('Python', 'Very Good')

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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