Call to operating system to open url?

What can I use to call the OS to open a URL in whatever browser the user has as default?
Not worried about cross-OS compatibility; if it works in linux thats enough for me!

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

Here is how to open the user’s default browser with a given url:

import webbrowser

url = "", new=0, autoraise=True)

Here is the documentation about this functionality. It’s part of Python’s stdlibs:

I have tested this successfully on Linux, Ubuntu 10.10.

Solution 2

Personally I really wouldn’t use the webbrowser module.

It’s a complicated mess of sniffing for particular browsers, which will won’t find the user’s default browser if they have more than one installed, and won’t find a browser if it doesn’t know the name of it (eg Chrome).

Better on Windows is simply to use the os.startfile function, which also works on a URL. On OS X, you can use the open system command. On Linux there’s xdg-open, a standard command supported by GNOME, KDE and XFCE.

if sys.platform=='win32':
elif sys.platform=='darwin':
    subprocess.Popen(['open', url])
        subprocess.Popen(['xdg-open', url])
    except OSError:
        print 'Please open a browser on: '+url

This will give a better user experience on mainstream platforms. You could fall back to webbrowser on other platforms, perhaps. Though most likely if you’re on an obscure/unusual/embedded OS where none of the above work, chances are webbrowser will fail too.

Solution 3

You can use the webbrowser module.

Solution 4

Then how about mixing codes of @kobrien and @bobince up:

import subprocess
import webbrowser
import sys

url = ''
if sys.platform == 'darwin':    # in case of OS X
    subprocess.Popen(['open', url])

Solution 5

Have a look at the webbrowser module.

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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