I’m building my own Ajax website, and I’m contemplating between REST and RPC.
If my server supported Servlets I’d just install persevere and end the problem, but my server doesn’t support Servlets.
RPC is simpler to code (IMO) and can be written in PHP easily. All I need is a database query executer. I’m using the Dojo Toolkit and JSON.
Why should I choose REST over RPC or RPC over REST?
Here is Solutions:
We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.
The best way to understand it is to read Roy T. Fielding’s dissertation on it, or relevant articles on his blog where he discusses the differences between pure REST and simply RPC architectures.
Another thing to note is that the Wikipedia article on REST is in dismal condition and Fielding himself, the ‘inventor’ of REST, suggests that the article is inaccurate.
The biggest thing people miss with REST is discoverability – resources should include URIs for other related resources inside their hypertext, instead of relying on URI naming conventions, which are out-of-band and non-standardized.
A big problem with popular RPC implementations like SOAP or XML-RPC is that they use HTTP underneath their own proprietary architecture, rather than taking advantage of all the different properties of HTTP like PUT, GET, DELETE etc. So this doesn’t fit the traditional web stack as well – a cache server in the middle doesn’t work, for example, without knowing about the meaning of the contents of the RPC call.
This is an incomplete introduction to REST and RPC but I think I’ve highlighted some of the important points that are often missed. Be careful, since there is a LOT of wrong information out there on REST.
That said, REST is not for everything. It’s an architecture, so it’s rather flexible how you can implement it. But if it doesn’t make sense to access things primarily as resources, then REST may not fit, or it may only fit for parts of your application, which is fine.
Uhm … to put it simple, both are very abstract models … so abstract, they naturally occur everywhere…
REST is the idea of having resources addressed with a global identifier (the URI in the case of HTTP) that are accessed in a CRUD way (using POST, GET, PUT and DELETE in the case of HTTP … well, at least that’s the idea)…
RPC is the idea where you call a procedure on a different machine, passing in some parameters, and taking a return value…
Persevere creates a service, that allows both (in a very elegant way, admittedly) … it is RESTful (although it does not only use HTTP-features to achieve this) and exposes an RPC interface…
In the end, you should look at what your application needs to do … as most people, you’ll probably wind up with an RPC API (be it based on XML or JSON or whatever), that includes a transport layer for a partially RESTful subsystem … this is, because having RESTfulnes, means flexibility … if the client can more or less freely traverse the data on the server (through a set of simple CRUD methods), it does not depend on a limited (problem-specific) set of methods exposed through the API, and you can shift logic clientwards…
There are three different styles of services:
- RPC API – the client sends a procedure and parameters to service and the service is responsible for the executing of the command and returning a result.
- Message API (Document API) – the client sends DOMs (elements), which normally are more complex structures than RPC API calls, because they tend to do not imply operations directly.
- Resource API – is used for accessing resources (database tuples, files, images and etc.). In general it should also provide good Media Type Negotiation.
SOAP and REST are compilation of standards from W3C, and the main difference is that SOAP uses HTTP, SMTP and etc. as transport protocols and REST uses it as application protocol, AKA it should support (GET, PUT, PUSH, DELETE, and POST). SOAP also implies using XML and REST could use any data type (JSON, XML, HTTP, etc.). Furthermore, one of the main advantages of SOAP is the Service Descriptor (WSDL file), which gives the possibility of auto-generation of Service Connector (proxy) to the client.
There is not a silver bullet; the type and architecture of a web service are dependent on the actual client and technology requirements.
For a general idea on the subject, see one of the Martin Fowler signature books – Service Design Patterns
Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂