Exceptions thrown in asynchronous javascript not caught

Basically, why isn’t this exception caught?

var http = require('http'),
    options = {
      host: 'www.crash-boom-bang-please.com',
      port: 80,
      method: 'GET'
    };

try {
  var req = http.request(options, function(res) {
    res.setEncoding('utf8');
    res.on('data', function (chunk) {
      console.log('BODY: ' + chunk);
    });
  });

  req.on('error', function(e) {
    throw new Error("Oh noes");
  });
  req.end();
} catch(_error) {
  console.log("Caught the error");
}

Some people suggest that these errors need to be handled with event emitters or callback(err) (having callbacks with err, data signature isn’t something I’m used to)

What’s the best way to go about it?

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

When you are throwing the error the try {} block has been long left, as the callback is invoked asynchronously outside of the try/catch. So you cannot catch it.

Do whatever you want to do in case of an error inside the error callback function.

Solution 2

As of node version 0.8 you can constrain exceptions to domains. You can constrain exceptions to a certain domain and catch them at that scope

If you’re interested, I’ve written a small function that catches asynchronous exceptions here: Javascript Asynchronous Exception Handling with node.js. I’d love some feedback This will let you perform the following:

var http = require('http'),
    options = {
      host: 'www.crash-boom-bang-please.com',
      port: 80,
      method: 'GET'
    };

atry(function(){
  var req = http.request(options, function(res) {
    res.setEncoding('utf8');
    res.on('data', function (chunk) {
      console.log('BODY: ' + chunk);
    });
  });

  req.on('error', function(e) {
    throw new Error("Oh noes");
  });
  req.end();
}).catch(function(_error) {
  console.log("Caught the error");
});

Solution 3

Javascript doesn’t have just function scope, try-catch also is block scoped. That is the reason.

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

Leave a Reply