Override host of webapi odata links

I’m using WebAPI 2.2 and Microsoft.AspNet.OData 5.7.0 to create an OData service that supports paging.

When hosted in the production environment, the WebAPI lives on a server that is not exposed externally, hence the various links returned in the OData response such as the @odata.context and @odata.nextLink point to the internal IP address e.g. http://192.168.X.X/<AccountName>/api/... etc.

I’ve been able to modify the Request.ODataProperties().NextLink by implementing some logic in each and every ODataController method to replace the internal URL with an external URL like https://account-name.domain.com/api/..., but this is very inconvenient and it only fixes the NextLinks.

Is there some way to set an external host name at configuration time of the OData service? I’ve seen a property Request.ODataProperties().Path and wonder if it’s possible to set a base path at the config.MapODataServiceRoute("odata", "odata", GetModel()); call, or in the GetModel() implementation using for instance the ODataConventionModelBuilder?


UPDATE: The best solution I’ve come up with so far, is to create a BaseODataController that overrides the Initialize method and checks whether the Request.RequestUri.Host.StartsWith("beginning-of-known-internal-IP-address") and then do a RequestUri rewrite like so:

var externalAddress = ConfigClient.Get().ExternalAddress;  // e.g. https://account-name.domain.com
var account = ConfigClient.Get().Id;  // e.g. AccountName
var uriToReplace = new Uri(new Uri("http://" + Request.RequestUri.Host), account);
string originalUri = Request.RequestUri.AbsoluteUri;
Request.RequestUri = new Uri(Request.RequestUri.AbsoluteUri.Replace(uriToReplace.AbsoluteUri, externalAddress));
string newUri = Request.RequestUri.AbsoluteUri;
this.GetLogger().Info($"Request URI was rewritten from {originalUri} to {newUri}");

This perfectly fixes the @odata.nextLink URLs for all controllers, but for some reason the @odata.context URLs still get the AccountName part (e.g. https://account-name.domain.com/AccountName/api/odata/$metadata#ControllerName) so they still don’t work.

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

Rewriting the RequestUri is sufficient to affect @odata.nextLink values because the code that computes the next link depends on the RequestUri directly. The other @odata.xxx links are computed via a UrlHelper, which is somehow referencing the path from the original request URI. (Hence the AccountName you see in your @odata.context link. I’ve seen this behavior in my code, but I haven’t been able to track down the source of the cached URI path.)

Rather than rewrite the RequestUri, we can solve the problem by creating a CustomUrlHelper class to rewrite OData links on the fly. The new GetNextPageLink method will handle @odata.nextLink rewrites, and the Link method override will handle all other rewrites.

public class CustomUrlHelper : System.Web.Http.Routing.UrlHelper
{
    public CustomUrlHelper(HttpRequestMessage request) : base(request)
    { }

    // Change these strings to suit your specific needs.
    private static readonly string ODataRouteName = "ODataRoute"; // Must be the same as used in api config
    private static readonly string TargetPrefix = "http://localhost:8080/somePathPrefix"; 
    private static readonly int TargetPrefixLength = TargetPrefix.Length;
    private static readonly string ReplacementPrefix = "http://www.contoso.com"; // Do not end with slash

    // Helper method.
    protected string ReplaceTargetPrefix(string link)
    {
        if (link.StartsWith(TargetPrefix))
        {
            if (link.Length == TargetPrefixLength)
            {
                link = ReplacementPrefix;
            }
            else if (link[TargetPrefixLength] == '/')
            {
                link = ReplacementPrefix + link.Substring(TargetPrefixLength);
            }
        }

        return link;
    }

    public override string Link(string routeName, IDictionary<string, object> routeValues)
    {
        var link = base.Link(routeName, routeValues);

        if (routeName == ODataRouteName)
        {
            link = this.ReplaceTargetPrefix(link);
        }

        return link;
    }

    public Uri GetNextPageLink(int pageSize)
    {
        return new Uri(this.ReplaceTargetPrefix(this.Request.GetNextPageLink(pageSize).ToString()));
    }
}

Wire-up the CustomUrlHelper in the Initialize method of a base controller class.

public abstract class BaseODataController : ODataController
{
    protected abstract int DefaultPageSize { get; }

    protected override void Initialize(System.Web.Http.Controllers.HttpControllerContext controllerContext)
    {
        base.Initialize(controllerContext);

        var helper = new CustomUrlHelper(controllerContext.Request);
        controllerContext.RequestContext.Url = helper;
        controllerContext.Request.ODataProperties().NextLink = helper.GetNextPageLink(this.DefaultPageSize);
    }

Note in the above that the page size will be the same for all actions in a given controller class. You can work around this limitation by moving the assignment of ODataProperties().NextLink to the body of a specific action method as follows:

var helper = this.RequestContext.Url as CustomUrlHelper;
this.Request.ODataProperties().NextLink = helper.GetNextPageLink(otherPageSize);

Solution 2

The answer by lencharest is promising, but I found an improvement on his method. Rather than using the UrlHelper, I created a class derived from System.Net.Http.DelegatingHandler. This class is inserted (first) into the message handling pipeline and thus has a crack at altering the incoming HttpRequestMessage. It’s an improvement over the above solution because in addition to altering the controller-specific URLs (as the UrlHelper does, e,g, https://data.contoso.com/odata/MyController), it also alters the url that appears as the xml:base in the OData service document (e.g., https://data.contoso.com/odata).

My particular application was to host an OData service behind a proxy server, and I wanted all the URLs presented by the server to be the externally-visible URLs, not the internally-visible ones. And, I didn’t want to have to rely on annotations for this; I wanted it to be fully automatic.

The message handler looks like this:

    public class BehindProxyMessageHandler : DelegatingHandler
    {
        protected async override Task<HttpResponseMessage> SendAsync(
            HttpRequestMessage request, CancellationToken cancellationToken)
        {
            var builder = new UriBuilder(request.RequestUri);
            var visibleHost = builder.Host;
            var visibleScheme = builder.Scheme;
            var visiblePort = builder.Port;

            if (request.Headers.Contains("X-Forwarded-Host"))
            {
                string[] forwardedHosts = request.Headers.GetValues("X-Forwarded-Host").First().Split(new char[] { ',' });
                visibleHost = forwardedHosts[0].Trim();
            }

            if (request.Headers.Contains("X-Forwarded-Proto"))
            {
                visibleScheme = request.Headers.GetValues("X-Forwarded-Proto").First();
            }

            if (request.Headers.Contains("X-Forwarded-Port"))
            {
                try
                {
                    visiblePort = int.Parse(request.Headers.GetValues("X-Forwarded-Port").First());
                }
                catch (Exception)
                { }
            }

            builder.Host = visibleHost;
            builder.Scheme = visibleScheme;
            builder.Port = visiblePort;

            request.RequestUri = builder.Uri;
            var response = await base.SendAsync(request, cancellationToken);
            return response;
        }
    }

You wire the handler up in WebApiConfig.cs:

    config.Routes.MapODataServiceRoute(
        routeName: "odata",
        routePrefix: "odata",
        model: builder.GetEdmModel(),
        pathHandler: new DefaultODataPathHandler(),
        routingConventions: ODataRoutingConventions.CreateDefault()
    );
    config.MessageHandlers.Insert(0, new BehindProxyMessageHandler());

Solution 3

There is another solution, but it overrides url for the entire context.
What I’d like to suggest is:

  1. Create owin middleware and override Host and Scheme properties inside
  2. Register the middleware as the first one

Here is an example of middleware

public class RewriteUrlMiddleware : OwinMiddleware
{
    public RewriteUrlMiddleware(OwinMiddleware next)
        : base(next)
    {
    }

    public override async Task Invoke(IOwinContext context)
    {
        context.Request.Host = new HostString(Settings.Default.ProxyHost);
        context.Request.Scheme = Settings.Default.ProxyScheme;
        await Next.Invoke(context);
    }
}

ProxyHost is the host you want to have. Example: test.com

ProxyScheme is the scheme you want: Example: https

Example of middleware registration

public class Startup
{
    public void Configuration(IAppBuilder app)
    {
        app.Use(typeof(RewriteUrlMiddleware));
        var config = new HttpConfiguration();
        WebApiConfig.Register(config);
        app.UseWebApi(config);
    }
}

Solution 4

A couple of years later, using ASP.NET Core, I figured that the easiest way to apply it in my service was to just create a filter that masquerades the host name. (AppConfig is a custom configuration class that contains the host name, among other things.)

public class MasqueradeHostFilterAttribute : ActionFilterAttribute
{
    public override void OnActionExecuting(ActionExecutingContext context)
    {
        var appConfig = context.HttpContext.RequestServices.GetService<AppConfig>();
        if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(appConfig?.MasqueradeHost))
            context.HttpContext.Request.Host = new HostString(appConfig.MasqueradeHost);
    }
}

Apply the filter to the controller base class.

[MasqueradeHostFilter]
public class AppODataController : ODataController
{
}

The result is a nicely formatted output:

{ "@odata.context":"https://app.example.com/odata/$metadata" }

Just my two cents.

Solution 5

Using system.web.odata 6.0.0.0.

Setting the NextLink property too soon is problematic. Every reply will then have a nextLink in it. The last page should of course be free of such decorations.

http://docs.oasis-open.org/odata/odata-json-format/v4.0/os/odata-json-format-v4.0-os.html#_Toc372793048 says:

URLs present in a payload (whether request or response) MAY be
represented as relative URLs.

One way that I hope will work is to override EnableQueryAttribute:

public class myEnableQueryAttribute : EnableQueryAttribute
{
    public override IQueryable ApplyQuery(IQueryable queryable, ODataQueryOptions queryOptions)
    {
        var result = base.ApplyQuery(queryable, queryOptions);
        var nextlink = queryOptions.Request.ODataProperties().NextLink;
        if (nextlink != null)
            queryOptions.Request.ODataProperties().NextLink = queryOptions.Request.RequestUri.MakeRelativeUri(nextlink);
        return result;
    }
}

ApplyQuery() is where the “overflow” is detected. It basically asks for pagesize+1 rows and will set NextLink if the result set contains more than pagesize rows.

At this point it is relatively easy to rewrite NextLink to a relative URL.

The downside is that every odata method must now be adorned with the new myEnableQuery attribute:

[myEnableQuery]
public async Task<IHttpActionResult> Get(ODataQueryOptions<TElement> options)
{
  ...
}

and other URLs embedded elsewhere remains problematic. odata.context remains a problem. I want to avoid playing with the request URL, because I fail to see how that is maintainable over time.

Solution 6

Your question boils down to controlling the service root URI from within the service itself. My first thought was to look for a hook on the media type formatters used to serialize responses. ODataMediaTypeFormatter.MessageWriterSettings.PayloadBaseUri and ODataMediaTypeFormatter.MessageWriterSettings.ODataUri.ServiceRoot are both settable properties that suggest a solution. Unfortunately, ODataMediaTypeFormatter resets these properties on every call to WriteToStreamAsync.

The work-around is not obvious, but if you dig through the source code you’ll eventually reach a call to IODataPathHandler.Link. A path handler is an OData extension point, so you can create a custom path handler that always returns an absolute URI which begins with the service root you desire.

public class CustomPathHandler : DefaultODataPathHandler
{
    private const string ServiceRoot = "http://example.com/";

    public override string Link(ODataPath path)
    {
        return ServiceRoot + base.Link(path);
    }
}

And then register that path handler during service configuration.

// config is an instance of HttpConfiguration
config.MapODataServiceRoute(
    routeName: "ODataRoute",
    routePrefix: null,
    model: builder.GetEdmModel(),
    pathHandler: new CustomPathHandler(),
    routingConventions: ODataRoutingConventions.CreateDefault()
);

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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