IIS web deploy – create virtual directories?

When developing a site on VS2010/IIS 7.5, I’m using Web Deploy to publish the site from my machine to the dev site server.

The site has about 40 virtual directories, and I’d like to automagically create those on the server during the deployment. Is there a simple way to do this?

I’m considering writing a small app that would load the list from a file or database and create them on demand. The directories have different physical paths on my development machine than on the web server, also, which throws a wrench into the works.

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

If you’re using MSBuild for your web deploy you can write a CustomBuildTask in .net that you can use to create your virtual directory.

There are a lot of resources on how to create and consume a custom build task, but here is the code I use to create a virtual directory using a custom build task:

public void CreateVirtualDirectory()

    DirectoryEntry oDE = new DirectoryEntry("IIS://" +
            this._strServerName + "/W3SVC/" + _webSiteID + "/Root");

    //Get Default Web Site
    DirectoryEntries oDC = oDE.Children;

    //Add row to schema
    DirectoryEntry oVirDir = oDC.Add(this._strVDirName,

    //Commit changes for Schema class File

    //Set virtual directory to physical path
    oVirDir.Properties["Path"].Value = this._strPhysicalPath;

    //Set read access
    oVirDir.Properties["AccessRead"][0] = true;

    //Set the default docs
    oVirDir.Properties["EnableDefaultDoc"][0] = true;
    oVirDir.Properties["DefaultDoc"][0] = "default.aspx";

    //set the name
    oVirDir.Properties["AppFriendlyName"][0] = this._strVDirName;

    //do it
    oVirDir.Invoke("AppCreate", true);

    //set the application pool
    if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(_strApplicationPool))
        object[] param = { 0, _strApplicationPool, true };
        oVirDir.Invoke("AppCreate3", param);
        oVirDir.Properties["AppIsolated"][0] = "2";

    //Save all the changes

Solution 2

I’ve not done any custom programming against WebDeploy, but I’ve seen reference that there is an API for it. I can’t seem to find official documentation on it, but perhaps this blog+sample app could provide a start: Web Deploy API Web Application

Solution 3

Could you please share your solution? I’m deploying an asp.net webforms application to IIS using WebDeploy and I have to create 02 virtual directories (pointing to different drives) that hold .pdf files.

How Do I hook the CustomBuildTask that AaronS pointed on my .pubxml file? .Below is a snippet of the file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
This file is used by the publish/package process of your Web project. You can customize the behavior of this process
by editing this MSBuild file. In order to learn more about this please visit https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=208121. 
<Project ToolsVersion="4.0" xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/developer/msbuild/2003">
    <LastUsedPlatform>Any CPU</LastUsedPlatform>
    <DeployIisAppPath>Default Web Site/app</DeployIisAppPath>
    <RemoteSitePhysicalPath />
        <!-- ... -->
    <MSDeployParameterValue Include="$(DeployParameterPrefix)SiteConnectionString-Web.config Connection String" />

IIS should have the pdfmedia virtual directory after I publish the application from Visual Studio 2019.

IIS web deploy - create virtual directories?

Thank you very much!

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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