AngularJS orderby with empty field

I am ordering a my data and its working all correcty except some fields are empty or have no value. When ordered these empty field come up first. For example when ordering numbers we would get a huge empty list before getting the “0”-values.

I am doing it like thise:

ng-click="predicate = 'name'; reverse=!reverse"


ng-repeat="name in names | orderBy:predicate:reverse"


Is there an easy elegant way to fix this? I want the empty fields to come last, no matter what.

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

How about this for sorting strings:

item in (items|orderBy:['!name', 'name'])

The advantage (apart from being more concise) is it sorts null & undefined with the blank strings.

In my case I wanted the blanks & nulls & undefineds together at the top (nulls and undefineds by default sort to the bottom), so I used:

item in (items|orderBy:['!!name', 'name'])

Solution 2

I’d write a filter that takes items with empty name from ordered array and places them at the end:

<li ng-repeat="item in (items|orderBy:'name'|emptyToEnd:'name')">{{}}</li>

Code might look like this:

.filter("emptyToEnd", function () {
    return function (array, key) {
        if(!angular.isArray(array)) return;
        var present = array.filter(function (item) {
            return item[key];
        var empty = array.filter(function (item) {
            return !item[key]
        return present.concat(empty);

Working example.

By the way, your fiddle doesn’t contain any relevant code. Did you use the wrong link?

Update 2:
Your fiddle with my filter.

Solution 3

Down here! 😀

This solution extends the normal functionality of the angularJs orderBy filter to take a third argument specifying whether or not to invert the normal sorting of null and undefined values. It observes the property names it is passed (not just one), and doesn’t iterate over items a second as some of the other solutions do. It’s used like this:

<li ng-repeat="item in (items|orderBy:'name':false:true)">{{}}</li>

I found a bunch of threads, some not directly about orderBy, and compiled their techniques plus a couple bits of my own into this:

.config(['$provide', function ($provide) {
    $provide.decorator('orderByFilter', ['$delegate', '$parse', function ($delegate, $parse) {
        return function () {
            var predicates = arguments[1];
            var invertEmpties = arguments[3];
            if (angular.isDefined(invertEmpties)) {
                if (!angular.isArray(predicates)) {
                    predicates = [predicates];
                var newPredicates = [];
                angular.forEach(predicates, function (predicate) {
                    if (angular.isString(predicate)) {
                        var trimmed = predicate;
                        if (trimmed.charAt(0) == '-') {
                            trimmed = trimmed.slice(1);
                        var keyFn = $parse(trimmed);
                        newPredicates.push(function (item) {
                            var value = keyFn(item);
                            return (angular.isDefined(value) && value != null) == invertEmpties;
                predicates = newPredicates;
            return $delegate(arguments[0], predicates, arguments[2]);

To use this code verbatim, be to specify ‘lib’ as a dependency for your app.

Credits to:

Solution 4

I don’t believe there’s an “out of the box” solution for this. I could easily be wrong.
Here’s my attempt at a solution using a function as the predicate:

ng-repeat="name in names | orderBy:predicate"

Inside your controller:

$scope.predicate = function(name) {
    return name === '' ? 'zzzzzzz' : !name; 
    /* The 'zzzzzz' forces the empty names to the end, 
      I can't think of a simpler way at the moment. */

Solution 5

In addition to the solution of Klaster_1, add an extra parameter to make the filter more generic:


<tr ng-repeat="name in (names | orderBy:predicate:reverse | orderEmpty:'name':'toBottom')">


.filter('orderEmpty', function () {
    return function (array, key, type) {
        var present, empty, result;

        if(!angular.isArray(array)) return;

        present = array.filter(function (item) {
            return item[key];

        empty = array.filter(function (item) {
            return !item[key]

        switch(type) {
            case 'toBottom':
                result = present.concat(empty);
            case 'toTop':
                result = empty.concat(present);

                // ... etc, etc ...

                result = array;
        return result;

Thnx Klaster_1!

Solution 6

Sorting, and reverse sorting, using a variable sort column, and keeping the undefined at the bottom, even below the negative values

I love the elegance of Sean’s answer above! I needed to give my users the ability to choose the column to sort on, and choice of sort direction, but still require the undefined’s to fall to the bottom, even if there are negative numbers.

The key insight from Sean that fixes negative numbers is !!. Use ‘!’+predicate if you are doing forward sorting and ‘!!’+predicate if you are doing reverse sorting.

The snippet below demonstrates this. By the way, I have put the variables that set the predicate (choice of propery to sort on) and reverse inside an object (“d”) just so that we don’t get weird scope issues. You may not need the “d.”s in your environment.

Moreover you would probably want to use something better than my crappy buttons at the bottom of the page to control your sort predicate and direction. However this keeps the key parts of the code easy to read.

function mainController($scope) {
  $scope.userArray = [
  { name: "Don", age: 20 },
  { name: "Bob", age: 30, height: 170 },
  { name: "Abe", age: 40, height: 160 },
  { name: "Zoe", age: 70 },
  {              age: 70, height: 155 },
  { name: "Shorty",age:45,height: -200},
  { name: "TwinkleInEye", age: -1, height: 152 }

  $scope.d = {}; // Create an object into which info can be stored and not trashed by Angular's tendency to add scopes
  $scope.d.predicate = "name"; // This string is the name of the property on which to sort
  $scope.d.reverse = false; // True means reverse the sort order
<script src=""></script>

<body ng-app="" ng-controller="mainController">
  <div ng-repeat="user in (userArray | orderBy: (d.reverse ?['!!'+d.predicate,d.predicate]:['!'+d.predicate,d.predicate]) : d.reverse)">

    Name {{ }} : Age {{ user.age }} : Height {{ user.height }}


  <button ng-click="d.predicate='name';">Name</button>
  <button ng-click="d.predicate='age';">Age</button>
  <button ng-click="d.predicate='height';">Height</button> Currently: {{d.predicate}}
 <br/> Leave undefined at bottom, but otherwise: 
  <button ng-click="d.reverse= !d.reverse;">Reverse</button> Currently: {{d.reverse}}


Solution 7

@Klaster_1 was really on to something but as soon as I needed a nested value the filter stopped working. Also, if I was reverse ordering I still wanted my null values to show up before 0. I added $parse to take care of the nested keys and added a reverse parameter to I knew when to put the null values at the top.

.filter("emptyToEnd", function ($parse) {
    return function (array, key, reverse) {
        if(!angular.isArray(array)) return;
        var keyFn = $parse(key);
        var present = [];
        var empty = [];

        angular.forEach(array, function(item){
          var val = keyFn(item);
          if(angular.isUndefined(val) || val === null) {
          } else {

        if (reverse) {
          return present.concat(empty);
        } else {
          return empty.concat(present);

Solution 8

I don’t know why other answer suggest to put the null value records at the bottom, If I want to sort normally, means in ASC order all the null on top and in DESC order all the nulls go to bottom, I tried other answers here but could not helped me so change the code to convert the null to ” in my array and it works now smooth like this:

$scope.convertNullToBlank = function (array) {
  for (var i = 0; i < array.length; i++) {
     if (array[i].col1 === null)
       array[i].col1 = '';

     if (array[i].col2 === null)
        array[i].col2 = '';
  return array;

Solution 9

I created a gist with an alternative filter based on the previous solutions:

The filter extends the existing angular filter:

angular.module 'tsd.orderByEmptyLast', []
  .filter 'orderByEmptyLast', ($filter) ->
    return (list, predicate, reverse)->
      orderedList = $filter('orderBy')(list, if reverse then ['!' + predicate, '-' + predicate] else ['!' + predicate, predicate] )
      return orderedList

On newer angular versions you might need to include orderByFilter instead of using $filter

angular.module 'tsd.orderByEmptyLast', ['orderByFilter']
  .filter 'orderByEmptyLast', () ->
    return (list, predicate, reverse)->
      orderedList = orderByFilter(list, if reverse then ['!' + predicate, '-' + predicate] else ['!' + predicate, predicate] )
      return orderedList

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from or, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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