Transitive dependencies not resolved for aar library using gradle

I have investigated a while and probably saw most popular answers here related to aar and transitive dependencies but somehow it is still not clear for me how to make this working.

So:

I have android library with given gradle config:

apply plugin: 'android-library'
apply plugin: 'android-maven'

version = "1.0.0"
group = "com.somepackage"

buildscript {
    repositories {
        mavenCentral()
        mavenLocal()
    }

    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.github.dcendents:android-maven-plugin:1.0'
    }
}

android {
    compileSdkVersion 19
    buildToolsVersion '19.0.3'

    defaultConfig {
        minSdkVersion 10
    }
}

repositories {
    maven { url 'http://www.bugsense.com/gradle/' }
}

dependencies {
    provided 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:+'
    provided 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:+'
    compile 'com.google.code.gson:gson:2.2.4'
    compile 'com.bugsense.trace:bugsense:3.6'
    compile 'commons-net:commons-net:3.3'
}

Then I am deploying it to local maven repo with gradle install. POM file of the deployed library looks like this:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd" xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0"
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
  <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
  <groupId>com.sprezzat</groupId>
  <artifactId>app</artifactId>
  <version>1.0.0</version>
  <packaging>aar</packaging>
  <dependencies>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.bugsense.trace</groupId>
      <artifactId>bugsense</artifactId>
      <version>3.6</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>commons-net</groupId>
      <artifactId>commons-net</artifactId>
      <version>3.3</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>
    <dependency>
      <groupId>com.google.code.gson</groupId>
      <artifactId>gson</artifactId>
      <version>2.2.4</version>
      <scope>compile</scope>
    </dependency>
  </dependencies>
</project>

And finally gradle config of my android application using above library as a dependency:

buildscript {
    repositories {
        mavenCentral()
    }
    dependencies {
        classpath 'com.android.tools.build:gradle:0.9.+'
    }
}
apply plugin: 'android'

repositories {
    mavenCentral()
    mavenLocal()
}

android {
    compileSdkVersion 15
    buildToolsVersion "19.0.2"

    defaultConfig {
        minSdkVersion 10
        targetSdkVersion 18
    }
}

dependencies {
    compile 'com.google.android.gms:play-services:+'
    compile 'com.android.support:appcompat-v7:+'
    compile 'com.somepackage:LIBRARY_NAME:[email protected]'
}

And after deploying application on phone I am getting NoClassDefFoundError for classes belonging to compile dependencies of my android library.

Inspecting my android application dependencies using gradle dependencies:

apk - Classpath packaged with the compiled main classes.
+--- com.google.android.gms:play-services:+ -> 4.3.23
|    \--- com.android.support:support-v4:19.0.1 -> 19.1.0
+--- com.android.support:appcompat-v7:+ -> 19.1.0
|    \--- com.android.support:support-v4:19.1.0
\--- com.somepackage:LIBRARY_NAME:1.0.0

According to above tree, all transitive dependencies are not detected. Where is the problem and how should it be done correctly?

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

I have solved my problem by setting transitive attribute for my aar dependency:

compile ('com.somepackage:LIBRARY_NAME:[email protected]'){
    transitive=true
}

Solution 2

you should not use “@aar”, if use “@” is become “Artifact only notation“, if you want to use “@” and want have dependence transitive, you should add “transitive=true”

Solution 3

Try this if you are using aar locally:

compile(project(:your-library-name)) {
    transitive=true
}

Solution 4

I was having a similar problem and felt I could share the steps of solving the problem.

The basic idea of not being able to use the transitive dependencies while you are publishing your own aar is actually not having the .pom file generated with the expected transitive dependencies.

I was using 'maven-publish' plugin for my android aar dependency to publish it in my own private maven repository. The transitive dependencies were not resolved when my other projects were adding my aar dependency in their build.gradle. Hence here what I did to modify the .pom file while publishing my aar.

An important thing to note here that, the dependencies which you want to have the transitive behavior should be imported using the api in your library project’s build.gradle file like the following.

dependencies {
    implementation fileTree(dir: 'libs', include: ['*.jar'])
    api 'com.android.volley:volley:1.0.0'
    api "com.google.code.gson:gson:$globalGsonVersion"
}

Now as I said earlier, I was using maven-publish plugin to publish the aar dependency and hence my publishing task in the gradle looks like the following.

publishing {
    publications {
        mavenAar(MavenPublication) {
            from components.android
        }

        mavenJava(MavenPublication) {
            pom.withXml {
                def dependenciesNode = asNode().appendNode('dependencies')
                // Iterate over the api dependencies (we don't want the test ones), adding a <dependency> node for each
                configurations.api.allDependencies.each {
                    def dependencyNode = dependenciesNode.appendNode('dependency')
                    dependencyNode.appendNode('groupId', it.group)
                    dependencyNode.appendNode('artifactId', it.name)
                    dependencyNode.appendNode('version', it.version)
                }
            }
        }
    }

    repositories {
        maven {
            // Your repository information goes here
        }
    }
}

Hence, I used another mavenJava task to publish the .pom file in my private maven repo so that when the aar file is added as a dependency to some other module, it gets the .pom information and download the transitive dependency.

To complete the answer, this is how you should add the dependency in the build.gradle file for your own published aar to me imported.

api('com.example.masudias:my_lib:[email protected]') {
    transitive = true
}

Solution 5

Transitive dependency

transitive means that the consumer(e.g. app) includes a producer and all producer’s dependencies(e.g. libraries). It increase build time and can create some issues with dependency versions

By default, Gradle dependency has transitive = true

api ('com.package:library:0.0.1')
//the same
api ('com.package:library:0.0.1') {
    transitive = true
}

When you use @artifact notation it has transitive = false

api ('com.package:library:[email protected]')
//the same
api ('com.package:library:[email protected]') {
    transitive = false
}

Solution 6

For me complete publishing solution looks like this:


apply plugin: 'com.github.dcendents.android-maven'

group = GROUP
version = VERSION

// you could move it to env variable or property
def publishFlavorless = true
def firstTask = null

android.libraryVariants.all { variant ->

    if (variant.name.toLowerCase().contains("debug")) {
        // Workaround for https://github.com/gradle/gradle/issues/1487
        if (publishFlavorless && firstTask == null) {
            def bundleTask = tasks["bundle${variant.name.capitalize()}Aar"]
            firstTask = bundleTask
            artifacts {
                archives(firstTask.archivePath) {
                    builtBy firstTask
                    name = project.name
                }
            }
        }
        return
    }

    def bundleTask = tasks["bundle${variant.name.capitalize()}Aar"]

    artifacts {
        archives(bundleTask.archivePath) {
            classifier variant.flavorName
            builtBy bundleTask
            name = project.name
        }
    }
}

install {
    repositories.mavenInstaller {
        // This generates POM.xml with proper parameters
        pom.project {
            name POM_NAME
            artifactId POM_ARTIFACT_ID
            // For aar it is equal to 'aar' with jar transitive dependencies won't work
            packaging POM_PACKAGING
            description POM_DESCRIPTION
        }
    }
}

The transitive = true block is required as well …

Solution 7

Simply adding @aar at the end of the dependency is what worked for me.

dependencies {
    implementation 'org.videolan.vlc:libvlc:[email protected]'
}

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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