Get altitude by longitude and latitude in Android

Is there a quick and efficient way to get altitude (elevation) by longitude and latitude on the Android platform?

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

My approach is to use USGS Elevation Query Web Service:

private double getAltitude(Double longitude, Double latitude) {
    double result = Double.NaN;
    HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
    HttpContext localContext = new BasicHttpContext();
    String url = "http://gisdata.usgs.gov/"
            + "xmlwebservices2/elevation_service.asmx/"
            + "getElevation?X_Value=" + String.valueOf(longitude)
            + "&Y_Value=" + String.valueOf(latitude)
            + "&Elevation_Units=METERS&Source_Layer=-1&Elevation_Only=true";
    HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet(url);
    try {
        HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpGet, localContext);
        HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
        if (entity != null) {
            InputStream instream = entity.getContent();
            int r = -1;
            StringBuffer respStr = new StringBuffer();
            while ((r = instream.read()) != -1)
                respStr.append((char) r);
            String tagOpen = "<double>";
            String tagClose = "</double>";
            if (respStr.indexOf(tagOpen) != -1) {
                int start = respStr.indexOf(tagOpen) + tagOpen.length();
                int end = respStr.indexOf(tagClose);
                String value = respStr.substring(start, end);
                result = Double.parseDouble(value);
            }
            instream.close();
        }
    } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {} 
    catch (IOException e) {}
    return result;
}

And example of use (right in HelloMapView class):

public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.main);
        linearLayout = (LinearLayout) findViewById(R.id.zoomview);
        mapView = (MapView) findViewById(R.id.mapview);
        mZoom = (ZoomControls) mapView.getZoomControls();
        linearLayout.addView(mZoom);
        mapView.setOnTouchListener(new OnTouchListener() {
            public boolean onTouch(View v, MotionEvent event) {
                if (event.getAction() == 1) {
                    final GeoPoint p = mapView.getProjection().fromPixels(
                            (int) event.getX(), (int) event.getY());
                    final StringBuilder msg = new StringBuilder();
                    new Thread(new Runnable() {
                        public void run() {
                            final double lon = p.getLongitudeE6() / 1E6;
                            final double lat = p.getLatitudeE6() / 1E6;
                            final double alt = getAltitude(lon, lat);
                            msg.append("Lon: ");
                            msg.append(lon);
                            msg.append(" Lat: ");
                            msg.append(lat);
                            msg.append(" Alt: ");
                            msg.append(alt);
                        }
                    }).run();
                    Toast.makeText(getBaseContext(), msg, Toast.LENGTH_SHORT)
                            .show();
                }
                return false;
            }
        });
    }

Solution 2

You can also use the Google Elevation API. The online documentation for it is located at:
https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/elevation/

Please note the following from the above API page:

Usage Limits: Use of the Google
Geocoding API is subject to a query
limit of 2,500 geolocation requests
per day. (User of Google Maps API
Premier may perform up to 100,000
requests per day.) This limit is
enforced to prevent abuse and/or
repurposing of the Geocoding API, and
this limit may be changed in the
future without notice. Additionally,
we enforce a request rate limit to
prevent abuse of the service. If you
exceed the 24-hour limit or otherwise
abuse the service, the Geocoding API
may stop working for you temporarily.
If you continue to exceed this limit,
your access to the Geocoding API may
be blocked. Note: the Geocoding API
may only be used in conjunction with a
Google map; geocoding results without
displaying them on a map is
prohibited. For complete details on
allowed usage, consult the Maps API
Terms of Service License Restrictions.

Altering Max Gontar’s code above for the Google API gives the following, with the returned elevation given in feet:

private double getElevationFromGoogleMaps(double longitude, double latitude) {
        double result = Double.NaN;
        HttpClient httpClient = new DefaultHttpClient();
        HttpContext localContext = new BasicHttpContext();
        String url = "http://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/elevation/"
                + "xml?locations=" + String.valueOf(latitude)
                + "," + String.valueOf(longitude)
                + "&sensor=true";
        HttpGet httpGet = new HttpGet(url);
        try {
            HttpResponse response = httpClient.execute(httpGet, localContext);
            HttpEntity entity = response.getEntity();
            if (entity != null) {
                InputStream instream = entity.getContent();
                int r = -1;
                StringBuffer respStr = new StringBuffer();
                while ((r = instream.read()) != -1)
                    respStr.append((char) r);
                String tagOpen = "<elevation>";
                String tagClose = "</elevation>";
                if (respStr.indexOf(tagOpen) != -1) {
                    int start = respStr.indexOf(tagOpen) + tagOpen.length();
                    int end = respStr.indexOf(tagClose);
                    String value = respStr.substring(start, end);
                    result = (double)(Double.parseDouble(value)*3.2808399); // convert from meters to feet
                }
                instream.close();
            }
        } catch (ClientProtocolException e) {} 
        catch (IOException e) {}

        return result;
    }

Solution 3

It’s important to first differentiate altitude from elevation.

Altitude is the distance from a point down to the local surface; whether that be land or water. This measurement is mainly used for aviation.

Altitude can be obtained by using the Location.getAltitude() function.

Elevation is the distance from the local surface to the sea level; much more often used, and often mistakenly referred to as altitude.

With that said, for the US, USGS has provided a newer HTTP POST and GET queries that can return XML or JSON values for elevation in either feet or meters. For worldwide elevation, you could use the Google Elevation API.

Solution 4

If u are using android device which has GPS Recever then there is a method getAltitude() by using that u can get the altitude by elevation.

Solution 5

Try this one that I`v built: https://algorithmia.com/algorithms/Gaploid/Elevation

here is example for Java:

import com.algorithmia.*;
import com.algorithmia.algo.*;

String input = "{\"lat\": \"50.2111\", \"lon\": \"18.1233\"}";
AlgorithmiaClient client = Algorithmia.client("YOUR_API_KEY");
Algorithm algo = client.algo("algo://Gaploid/Elevation/0.3.0");
AlgoResponse result = algo.pipeJson(input);
System.out.println(result.asJson());

Solution 6

Google maps have the altitude, what you need is this code

altitude="";
var init = function() {
        var elevator = new google.maps.ElevationService;
        map.on('mousemove', function(event) {
            getLocationElevation(event.latlng, elevator);
            document.getElementsByClassName("altitudeClass")[0].innerHTML = "Altitude: "+ getAltitude();
            //console.debug(getAltitude());
        });
}

var getLocationElevation = function (location, elevator){
  // Initiate the location request
  elevator.getElevationForLocations({
    'locations': [location]
  }, function(results, status) {
    if (status === google.maps.ElevationStatus.OK) {
      // Retrieve the first result
      if (results[0]) {
        // Open the infowindow indicating the elevation at the clicked position.
        setAltitude(parseFloat(results[0].elevation).toFixed(2));
      } else {
        setAltitude('No results found');
      }
    } else {
      setAltitude('Elevation service failed due to: ' + status);
    }
  });
}
function setAltitude(a){
    altitude = a;
}
function getAltitude(){
    return altitude;
}

Solution 7

The idea to use the Google Elevation API is good, but parsing XML using string functions is not. Also, HttpClient is deprecated now, as using insecure connections.

See here for a better solution:
https://github.com/M66B/BackPackTrackII/blob/master/app/src/main/java/eu/faircode/backpacktrack2/GoogleElevationApi.java

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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