Android 6: cannot share files anymore?

I am sharing an image, and this code works properly for devices before Android 6:

Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
shareIntent.setType("image/*");
Uri uri = Uri.fromFile(new File(mFilename));
shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, uri);
mContext.startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, mChooserTitle));

However I get the toast error “can’t attach empty files” when I try to share using Android 6.

I verified that the file exists and it’s not zero-length.

Anyone has a solution for this?

Here is Solutions:

We have many solutions to this problem, But we recommend you to use the first solution because it is tested & true solution that will 100% work for you.

Solution 1

I solved it by implementing a FileProvider, as suggested by @CommonsWare

You first need to configure a FileProvider:

  • first, add the <provider> to your file manifest XML

    <provider
        android:name="android.support.v4.content.FileProvider"
        android:authorities="com.myfileprovider"
        android:exported="false"
        android:grantUriPermissions="true">
        <meta-data
            android:name="android.support.FILE_PROVIDER_PATHS"
            android:resource="@xml/file_provider_paths" />
    </provider>
    
  • second, define your file paths in a separate XML file, I called it “file_provider_paths.xml

    <paths xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
        <external-path name="share" path="/" />
    </paths>
    

you can find the complete explanation in this documentation page

after you have set up your file provider in XML, this is the code to share the image file:

Intent shareIntent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_SEND);
shareIntent.setType("image/*");
Uri fileUri = FileProvider.getUriForFile(mContext, "com.myfileprovider", new File(mFilename));
shareIntent.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION);
shareIntent.putExtra(Intent.EXTRA_STREAM, fileUri);
mContext.startActivity(Intent.createChooser(shareIntent, mChooserTitle));

Solution 2

One limitation of the Android 6.0 runtime permission system is that there will be corner cases that cause problems. What you encountered is one: trying to share a file on external storage to an app that does not have the runtime permission checks in place for that particular UI path.

I say that this is a “corner case” because, for this bug in the receiving app to affect the user, the user cannot have previously used that app and granted the necessary permission. Either:

  • The user has never used that app before, yet it still trying to share content to it, or

  • The user revoked the permission via Settings, but did not realize that it would break this bit of functionality

Both of those are low probability events.

You, as the sender, have two main options:

  1. Switch away from using file:// Uri values, in favor of a file-serving ContentProvider like FileProvider, so the permission is no longer needed, or

  2. Just living with the corner case

Solution 3

Alternatively, you don’t need to have a ContentProvider / FileProvider . You can simply add the flag that grants read permission on the uri that is shared.
Specifically, share.addFlags(Intent.FLAG_GRANT_READ_URI_PERMISSION);
should do the trick.

Solution 4

Another way I used to workaround this issue was to get content provider style URI using MediaScannerConnection right after you wrote your file to the public directory:

        MediaScannerConnection.scanFile(context, new String[] {imageFile.toString()}, yourMimeType, new OnScanCompletedListener() {
            @Override
            public void onScanCompleted(String path, Uri uri) {
                //uri = "content://" style URI that is safe to attach to share intent
            }
        });

This may be a shorter solution for your needs.

Note: Use and implement solution 1 because this method fully tested our system.
Thank you 🙂

All methods was sourced from stackoverflow.com or stackexchange.com, is licensed under cc by-sa 2.5, cc by-sa 3.0 and cc by-sa 4.0

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